Three js for Beginners: A Step-by-Step Guide to Creating Your First 3D Scen


Welcome, aspiring 3D artists and web developers Three js for Beginners, to the thrilling world of Three.js! If you’ve ever wondered how to bring 3D magic to your websites or apps, you’re in for a treat. In this friendly, step-by-step guide, we’ll walk you through the creation of your very first 3D scene using Three.js.

Fear not if you’re not a coding wizard or a 3D guru. We’ll start with the basics and gradually build up your skills. So, grab your virtual hard hat and let’s construct some 3D web magic!

Three js for Beginners

Step 1: Setting Up Your Workspace

Before we dive into the world of 3D, we need to set up our development environment. Here’s what you’ll need:

  1. Text Editor: Choose your favorite code editor. Visual Studio Code, Sublime Text, or Atom are popular choices.
  2. Web Browser: Ensure you have a modern web browser like Chrome, Firefox, or Edge.
  3. Basic HTML and JavaScript Knowledge: While not mandatory, a little HTML and JavaScript understanding will be helpful.

Step 2: Including Three js for Beginners in Your Project

Three js for Beginners is our trusty 3D toolkit, and including it in our project is the first step. You can download it from the official website or include it via a Content Delivery Network (CDN):

<script src=""></script>

Step 3: Creating Your First Scene

Now, let’s set up the stage – the scene, camera, and renderer:

// Create a scene
const scene = new THREE.Scene();

// Create a camera
const camera = new THREE.PerspectiveCamera(75, window.innerWidth / window.innerHeight, 0.1, 1000);
camera.position.z = 5;

// Create a renderer
const renderer = new THREE.WebGLRenderer();
renderer.setSize(window.innerWidth, window.innerHeight);

Step 4: Adding Objects

No 3D scene is complete without objects. Let’s add a cube:

// Create a cube
const geometry = new THREE.BoxGeometry();
const material = new THREE.MeshBasicMaterial({ color: 0x00ff00 });
const cube = new THREE.Mesh(geometry, material);

// Add the cube to the scene

Step 5: Animation

Make your scene come alive with animation. Let’s rotate the cube:

const animate = () => {

    // Rotate the cube
    cube.rotation.x += 0.01;
    cube.rotation.y += 0.01;

    // Render the scene
    renderer.render(scene, camera);


Step 6: Interaction (Optional)

For that extra layer of awesomeness, you can add interactivity by listening for mouse events and responding accordingly.

// Add mouse event listener
document.addEventListener('mousemove', (event) => {
    const mouseX = (event.clientX / window.innerWidth) * 2 - 1;
    const mouseY = -(event.clientY / window.innerHeight) * 2 + 1;

    // Update the cube's rotation based on mouse position
    cube.rotation.x = mouseY * 2;
    cube.rotation.y = mouseX * 2;


You’ve just embarked on your 3D web development journey with Three js for Beginners! We’ve covered the essentials, from setting up your workspace to adding objects, animation, and even interaction.

Now, remember, the world of 3D is vast, and this is just the Three js for Beginners. Dive deeper into the Three.js documentation, experiment with different geometries, materials, and lighting. With practice, you’ll soon be crafting stunning 3D experiences that captivate users and elevate your web projects to new heights.

So, don’t be shy—keep coding, experimenting, and exploring. Your 3D adventures have only just begun! Happy coding!

FAQ: Three.js for Beginners

Q1: What is Three.js?
A1: Three.js is a popular JavaScript library that simplifies 3D graphics rendering in web development. It allows developers to create 3D scenes, animations, and interactive content for the web.

Q2: Do I need prior 3D experience to get started with Three.js?
A2: No, you don’t. While some knowledge of HTML and JavaScript can be helpful, this guide is designed for beginners, and we’ll walk you through the basics step by step.

Q3: Can I use Three.js in any web project?
A3: Yes, you can integrate Three.js into most web projects. Whether you’re building a website, web app, or game, Three.js can add a 3D dimension to your content.

Q4: What browsers support Three.js?
A4: Three.js is supported by modern web browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Ensure you’re using an up-to-date browser for the best compatibility.

Q5: Is Three.js suitable for mobile development?
A5: Yes, Three js is mobile-friendly. It works well on both desktop and mobile devices, making it a versatile choice for cross-platform 3D web development.

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